A total of 200 countries decided on the rules to implement portions of the Paris Agreement at the Conference of the Parties 24 (COP24) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at Katowice, Polland.

At the Paris Agreement in 2015, countries signed to limit the global temperature rise to well below 2°C. The new rulebook states that countries will be subject to uniform standards for providing information about progress on their self-determined targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. All countries will have to report their emissions and show progress in bringing down emissions every two years from 2024, after the global stock-taking at COP29 in 2023.

India repeatedly said that the Paris climate agreement was ‘non-negotiable’ and there could be no compromise on the basic principles such as equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC).

The Minister for Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Environment, Forest and Climate Change said during opening of Indian pavilion at Katowice, “India is committed to play a crucial role in its fight against greenhouse gas emissions. Our Prime Minister’s stand is to achieve 40 per cent installed power capacity from non-fossil fuels by 2030.”

India and the other developing countries cited the historical responsibility of the developed nations in emitting carbon dioxide, contributing to global warming.

The Paris Agreement states that developed and developing countries have different responsibilities to fight climate change.

Developed countries, historically the biggest emitters of carbon dioxide, are expected to take greater responsibility for climate action. Citing “the principle of equity,” the agreement asks them to “take the lead” in reducing emissions. Equity and differing responsibility were also earlier recognized in the Kyoto Protocol and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

India emphasized that along with steps it is taking at the country level to proactively reduce emissions; it is also encouraging movements for sustainable lifestyles at the individual level. Dr Harsh Vardhan said that India is working hard to achieve 175 GW target for installed renewable energy capacity by 2022.

He highlighted that the Green Good Deeds movement has been prepared to inspire, encourage and involve each and every citizen of the country. “By doing small but significant green good deeds such as car-pool for transportation to work, use of dustbins for disposal of waste, segregating waste, planting trees, saving energy, saving water and so on so forth we can protect the environment.”

India Pavilion hosted around 20 sessions, covering issues related to climate change and also released a report on ‘Climate Vulnerability Assessment for the Indian Himalayan Region’ which was conducted by the Department of Science & Technology, at Katowice in Poland.